Homo sapiens Gene: GSTM3
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-100908.6
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol GSTM3
Gene Name glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (brain)
Synonyms GST5; GSTB; GSTM3-3; GTM3;
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000134202
Encoded Proteins
glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (brain)
glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (brain)
glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (brain)
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
Entrez Gene
Summary Cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of glutathione S-transferase are encoded by two distinct supergene families. At present, eight distinct classes of the soluble cytoplasmic mammalian glutathione S-transferases have been identified: alpha, kappa, mu, omega, pi, sigma, theta and zeta. This gene encodes a glutathione S-transferase that belongs to the mu class. The mu class of enzymes functions in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress, by conjugation with glutathione. The genes encoding the mu class of enzymes are organized in a gene cluster on chromosome 1p13.3 and are known to be highly polymorphic. These genetic variations can change an individual's susceptibility to carcinogens and toxins as well as affect the toxicity and efficacy of certain drugs. Mutations of this class mu gene have been linked with a slight increase in a number of cancers, likely due to exposure with environmental toxins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]
Cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of glutathione S-transferase are encoded by two distinct supergene families. At present, eight distinct classes of the soluble cytoplasmic mammalian glutathione S-transferases have been identified: alpha, kappa, mu, omega, pi, sigma, theta and zeta. This gene encodes a glutathione S-transferase that belongs to the mu class. The mu class of enzymes functions in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress, by conjugation with glutathione. The genes encoding the mu class of enzymes are organized in a gene cluster on chromosome 1p13.3 and are known to be highly polymorphic. These genetic variations can change an individual\'s susceptibility to carcinogens and toxins as well as affect the toxicity and efficacy of certain drugs. Mutations of this class mu gene have been linked with a slight increase in a number of cancers, likely due to exposure with environmental toxins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 1:109733932-109741038
Strand Reverse strand
Band p13.3
Transcripts
ENST00000256594 ENSP00000256594
ENST00000361066 ENSP00000354357
ENST00000486823
ENST00000476321
ENST00000488824
ENST00000540225 ENSP00000444978
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 11 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
Experimentally validated
Total 11 [view]
Protein-Protein 11 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 0
DNA-DNA 0
RNA-RNA 0
DNA-RNA 0
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0004364 glutathione transferase activity
GO:0005515 protein binding
GO:0019899 enzyme binding
GO:0042802 identical protein binding
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity
GO:0043295 glutathione binding
Biological Process
GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process
GO:0006805 xenobiotic metabolic process
GO:0008065 establishment of blood-nerve barrier
GO:0018916 nitrobenzene metabolic process
GO:0042178 xenobiotic catabolic process
GO:0043627 response to estrogen
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process
GO:0070458 cellular detoxification of nitrogen compound
GO:1901687 glutathione derivative biosynthetic process
Cellular Component
GO:0005634 nucleus
GO:0005737 cytoplasm
GO:0005829 cytosol
GO:0035686 sperm fibrous sheath
GO:0070062 extracellular vesicular exosome
Orthologs
Species
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Not yet available
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Pathways
NETPATH
REACTOME
Glutathione conjugation pathway
Phase II conjugation pathway
Metabolism pathway
Biological oxidations pathway
KEGG
Glutathione metabolism pathway
Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450 pathway
Drug metabolism pathway
INOH
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Cross-References
SwissProt
TrEMBL
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene
UniGene Hs.2006
RefSeq NM_000849
HUGO
OMIM
CCDS CCDS812
HPRD 00712
IMGT
EMBL
GenPept
RNA Seq Atlas