Homo sapiens Gene: CD180
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-24968.6
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol CD180
Gene Name CD180 molecule
Synonyms LY64; Ly78; RP105;
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000134061
Encoded Proteins
CD180 molecule
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
InnateDB Annotation
Summary
CD180 is an accessory molecule for TLR2, forming part of the receptor complex for innate immune recognition of mycobacterial lipoproteins.
CD180 and its helper molecule, LY86, interact directly with the TLR4 signalling complex, inhibiting its ability to bind microbial ligands.
CD180 dramatically enhances CpG DNA-induced proliferation/survival by naive B cells but not by memory B cell. This enhancement that is mediated by CD180-induced TLR9 upregulation, leading to Akt activation and sustained NF-kappaB activation.
Entrez Gene
Summary CD180 is a cell surface molecule consisting of extracellular leucine-rich repeats (LRR) and a short cytoplasmic tail. The extracellular LRR is associated with a molecule called MD-1 and form the cell surface receptor complex, RP105/MD-1. It belongs to the family of pathogen receptors, Toll-like receptors (TLR). RP105/MD1, by working in concert with TLR4, controls B cell recognition and signaling of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a membrane constituent of Gram-negative bacteria. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 5:67182275-67196799
Strand Reverse strand
Band q12.3
Transcripts
ENST00000256447 ENSP00000256447
ENST00000515027
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 3 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
They are also associated with 2 interaction(s) predicted by orthology.
Experimentally validated
Total 3 [view]
Protein-Protein 3 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 0
DNA-DNA 0
RNA-RNA 0
DNA-RNA 0
Predicted by orthology
Total 2 [view]
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0005515 protein binding
Biological Process
GO:0002322 B cell proliferation involved in immune response
GO:0006954 inflammatory response
GO:0031666 positive regulation of lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway
GO:0045087 innate immune response (InnateDB)
GO:0071222 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide
Cellular Component
GO:0005886 plasma membrane
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane
Orthologs
Species
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Not yet available
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Pathways
NETPATH
REACTOME
Innate Immune System pathway
Toll-Like Receptors Cascades pathway
Immune System pathway
Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade pathway
KEGG
INOH
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Cross-References
SwissProt
TrEMBL
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene
UniGene Hs.87205
RefSeq NM_005582 XM_005248504
HUGO
OMIM
CCDS CCDS3992
HPRD 03749
IMGT
EMBL
GenPept
RNA Seq Atlas