Homo sapiens Gene: MRPL39
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-1059.6
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol MRPL39
Gene Name mitochondrial ribosomal protein L39
Synonyms
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000154719
Encoded Proteins
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L39
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L39
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L39
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
Entrez Gene
Summary Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome 5q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 21:25585656-25607517
Strand Reverse strand
Band q21.3
Transcripts
ENST00000307301 ENSP00000305682
ENST00000352957 ENSP00000284967
ENST00000419219 ENSP00000404426
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 34 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
Experimentally validated
Total 34 [view]
Protein-Protein 34 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 0
DNA-DNA 0
RNA-RNA 0
DNA-RNA 0
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding
Biological Process
GO:0008150 biological_process
Cellular Component
GO:0005739 mitochondrion
GO:0005761 mitochondrial ribosome
Orthologs
Species
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Not yet available
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Pathways
NETPATH
REACTOME
Organelle biogenesis and maintenance pathway
Mitochondrial translation pathway
Mitochondrial translation initiation pathway
Mitochondrial translation termination pathway
Mitochondrial translation elongation pathway
KEGG
INOH
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Cross-References
SwissProt
TrEMBL C9JG87
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene 54148
UniGene
RefSeq NM_080794 NM_017446
HUGO HGNC:14027
OMIM 611845
CCDS CCDS33522 CCDS13573
HPRD 11371
IMGT
EMBL AP000223
GenPept
RNA Seq Atlas 54148