Homo sapiens Gene: MRPL54
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-17787.6
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol MRPL54
Gene Name mitochondrial ribosomal protein L54
Synonyms
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000183617
Encoded Proteins
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L54
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
Entrez Gene
Summary Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 19:3762664-3768575
Strand Forward strand
Band p13.3
Transcripts
ENST00000330133 ENSP00000331849
ENST00000589174 ENSP00000467023
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 5 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
Experimentally validated
Total 5 [view]
Protein-Protein 5 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 0
DNA-DNA 0
RNA-RNA 0
DNA-RNA 0
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding
Biological Process
Cellular Component
GO:0005739 mitochondrion
GO:0005840 ribosome
Orthologs
Species
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Not yet available
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Pathways
NETPATH
REACTOME
Organelle biogenesis and maintenance pathway
Mitochondrial translation pathway
Mitochondrial translation initiation pathway
Mitochondrial translation termination pathway
Mitochondrial translation elongation pathway
KEGG
INOH
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Cross-References
SwissProt
TrEMBL
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene
UniGene Hs.356578
RefSeq NM_172251
HUGO
OMIM
CCDS CCDS12111
HPRD 14772
IMGT
EMBL
GenPept
RNA Seq Atlas