Homo sapiens Gene: AXL
InnateDB Gene IDBG-52651.6
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol AXL
Gene Name AXL receptor tyrosine kinase
Synonyms JTK11; UFO;
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000167601
Encoded Proteins
AXL receptor tyrosine kinase
AXL receptor tyrosine kinase
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
InnateDB Annotation
AXL is a pleiotropic inhibitor of the innate immune response in dendritic cells, this tyrosine protein kinase is induced by IFNAR/STAT1 signalling and TLR ligation predominantly through TLR activation of the feed-forward cytokine pathway
AXL regulates survival and migration of human dendritic cells by an IFN-alpha-inducible AXL/GAS6 pathway.
TGF-β1-induced AXL enhances apoptotic cell uptake and blocks proinflammatory cytokine production in the skin.
InnateDB Annotation from Orthologs
[Mus musculus] Viruses engage Tyro3/Axl/Mertk (TAM) receptors in order to inhibit host type I IFN signalling.
Entrez Gene
Summary The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase subfamily. Although it is similar to other receptor tyrosine kinases, this protein represents a unique structure of the extracellular region that juxtaposes IgL and FNIII repeats. It transduces signals from the extracellular matrix into the cytoplasm by binding growth factors like vitamin K-dependent protein growth-arrest-specific gene 6. It is involved in the stimulation of cell proliferation and can also mediate cell aggregation by homophilic binding. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Tyro3-Axl-Mer (TAM) receptor tyrosine kinase subfamily. The encoded protein possesses an extracellular domain which is composed of two immunoglobulin-like motifs at the N-terminal, followed by two fibronectin type-III motifs. It transduces signals from the extracellular matrix into the cytoplasm by binding to the vitamin K-dependent protein growth arrest-specific 6 (Gas6). This gene may be involved in several cellular functions including growth, migration, aggregation and anti-inflammation in multiple cell types. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 19:41219203-41261766
Strand Forward strand
Band q13.2
ENST00000301178 ENSP00000301178
ENST00000359092 ENSP00000351995
ENST00000593513 ENSP00000471497
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 41 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
They are also associated with 6 interaction(s) predicted by orthology.
Experimentally validated
Total 41 [view]
Protein-Protein 39 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 1 [view]
DNA-DNA 1 [view]
Predicted by orthology
Total 6 [view]
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0001786 phosphatidylserine binding
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity
GO:0004713 protein tyrosine kinase activity
GO:0004714 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity
GO:0005515 protein binding
GO:0005524 ATP binding
GO:0016772 transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups
GO:0032036 myosin heavy chain binding
GO:0043548 phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase binding
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity
Biological Process
GO:0001764 neuron migration
GO:0001779 natural killer cell differentiation
GO:0001961 positive regulation of cytokine-mediated signaling pathway
GO:0001974 blood vessel remodeling
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation
GO:0006909 phagocytosis
GO:0006954 inflammatory response
GO:0007165 signal transduction
GO:0007167 enzyme linked receptor protein signaling pathway
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis
GO:0018108 peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation
GO:0021885 forebrain cell migration
GO:0030154 cell differentiation
GO:0030168 platelet activation
GO:0031100 organ regeneration
GO:0031668 cellular response to extracellular stimulus
GO:0032689 negative regulation of interferon-gamma production
GO:0032720 negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor production
GO:0032825 positive regulation of natural killer cell differentiation
GO:0032940 secretion by cell
GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis
GO:0034446 substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading
GO:0035457 cellular response to interferon-alpha
GO:0042698 ovulation cycle
GO:0043066 negative regulation of apoptotic process
GO:0043277 apoptotic cell clearance
GO:0043491 protein kinase B signaling
GO:0043524 negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process
GO:0045087 innate immune response (InnateDB)
GO:0048469 cell maturation
GO:0051250 negative regulation of lymphocyte activation
GO:0051897 positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling
GO:0060068 vagina development
GO:0070301 cellular response to hydrogen peroxide
GO:0071222 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide
GO:0097028 dendritic cell differentiation
GO:2000669 negative regulation of dendritic cell apoptotic process
Cellular Component
GO:0005615 extracellular space
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane
GO:0009986 cell surface
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane
GO:0070062 extracellular vesicular exosome
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Non-SSD Ortholog
Possible paralog/unusual divergence/ gene prediction error
Not yet available
Non-SSD Ortholog
Possible paralog/unusual divergence/ gene prediction error
EGFR1 pathway
Signaling by VEGF pathway
Signal Transduction pathway
VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway pathway
Validated transcriptional targets of deltaNp63 isoforms
SwissProt P30530
TrEMBL M0R0W6 Q15839
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene 558
UniGene Hs.590970 Hs.703346
RefSeq NM_021913 NM_001278599 NM_001699
OMIM 109135
CCDS CCDS12575 CCDS12574 CCDS62677
HPRD 00171
EMBL AC011510 BC032229 M76125 S65125 X57019 X66030
GenPept AAA61243 AAB20305 AAH32229 CAA40338 CAA46829
RNA Seq Atlas 558