Homo sapiens Gene: AUH
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-75670.5
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol AUH
Gene Name AU RNA binding protein/enoyl-CoA hydratase
Synonyms
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000148090
Encoded Proteins
AU RNA binding protein/enoyl-CoA hydratase
AU RNA binding protein/enoyl-CoA hydratase
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
Entrez Gene
Summary The methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase, mitochondrial protein binds to the AU-rich element (ARE), a common element found in the 3' UTR of rapidly decaying mRNA such as c-fos, c-myc and granulocyte/ macrophage colony stimulating factor. ARE elements are involved in directing RNA to rapid degradation and deadenylation. AUH is also homologous to enol-CoA hydratase, an enzyme involved in fatty acid degradation, and has been shown to have intrinsic hydratase enzymatic activity. AUH is thus a bifunctional chimera between RNA binding and metabolic enzyme activity. A possible subcellular localization in the mitochondria has been demonstrated for the mouse homolog of this protein which shares 92% identity with the human protein. It has been suggested that AUH may have a novel role as a mitochondrial located AU-binding protein. Human AUH is expressed as a single mRNA species of 1.8 kb, and translated as a 40-kDa precursor protein which is subsequently processed to a 32-kDa mature form. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
The methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase, mitochondrial protein binds to the AU-rich element (ARE), a common element found in the 3\' UTR of rapidly decaying mRNA such as c-fos, c-myc and granulocyte/ macrophage colony stimulating factor. ARE elements are involved in directing RNA to rapid degradation and deadenylation. AUH is also homologous to enol-CoA hydratase, an enzyme involved in fatty acid degradation, and has been shown to have intrinsic hydratase enzymatic activity. AUH is thus a bifunctional chimera between RNA binding and metabolic enzyme activity. A possible subcellular localization in the mitochondria has been demonstrated for the mouse homolog of this protein which shares 92%% identity with the human protein. It has been suggested that AUH may have a novel role as a mitochondrial located AU-binding protein. Human AUH is expressed as a single mRNA species of 1.8 kb, and translated as a 40-kDa precursor protein which is subsequently processed to a 32-kDa mature form. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 9:91213815-91361913
Strand Reverse strand
Band q22.31
Transcripts
ENST00000375731 ENSP00000364883
ENST00000303617 ENSP00000307334
ENST00000473695
ENST00000478465
ENST00000475023
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 3 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
Experimentally validated
Total 3 [view]
Protein-Protein 3 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 0
DNA-DNA 0
RNA-RNA 0
DNA-RNA 0
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0003723 RNA binding
GO:0003730 mRNA 3'-UTR binding
GO:0003824 catalytic activity
GO:0004300 enoyl-CoA hydratase activity
GO:0004490 methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase activity
Biological Process
GO:0006552 leucine catabolic process
GO:0008152 metabolic process
GO:0009083 branched-chain amino acid catabolic process
GO:0034641 cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process
Cellular Component
GO:0005739 mitochondrion
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix
Orthologs
Species
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
Non-SSD Ortholog
Possible paralog/unusual divergence/ gene prediction error
Not yet available
Non-SSD Ortholog
Possible paralog/unusual divergence/ gene prediction error
Pathways
NETPATH
REACTOME
Branched-chain amino acid catabolism pathway
Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives pathway
Metabolism pathway
KEGG
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation pathway
INOH
Valine Leucine Isoleucine degradation pathway
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Cross-References
SwissProt
TrEMBL
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene
UniGene
RefSeq NM_001698 XM_005252068 XM_005252073
HUGO
OMIM
CCDS CCDS6689
HPRD 08987
IMGT
EMBL
GenPept
RNA Seq Atlas