Homo sapiens Gene: CRYGD
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-79692.5
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol CRYGD
Gene Name crystallin, gamma D
Synonyms CACA; CCA3; CCP; cry-g-D; CRYG4; CTRCT4; PCC;
Species Homo sapiens
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000118231
Encoded Proteins
crystallin, gamma D
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
Entrez Gene
Summary Crystallins are separated into two classes: taxon-specific, or enzyme, and ubiquitous. The latter class constitutes the major proteins of vertebrate eye lens and maintains the transparency and refractive index of the lens. Since lens central fiber cells lose their nuclei during development, these crystallins are made and then retained throughout life, making them extremely stable proteins. Mammalian lens crystallins are divided into alpha, beta, and gamma families; beta and gamma crystallins are also considered as a superfamily. Alpha and beta families are further divided into acidic and basic groups. Seven protein regions exist in crystallins: four homologous motifs, a connecting peptide, and N- and C-terminal extensions. Gamma-crystallins are a homogeneous group of highly symmetrical, monomeric proteins typically lacking connecting peptides and terminal extensions. They are differentially regulated after early development. Four gamma-crystallin genes (gamma-A through gamma-D) and three pseudogenes (gamma-E, gamma-F, gamma-G) are tandemly organized in a genomic segment as a gene cluster. Whether due to aging or mutations in specific genes, gamma-crystallins have been involved in cataract formation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 2:208121607-208124501
Strand Reverse strand
Band q33.3
Transcripts
ENST00000264376 ENSP00000264376
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 5 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
Experimentally validated
Total 5 [view]
Protein-Protein 5 [view]
Protein-DNA 0
Protein-RNA 0
DNA-DNA 0
RNA-RNA 0
DNA-RNA 0
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0005212 structural constituent of eye lens
GO:0005515 protein binding
Biological Process
GO:0002088 lens development in camera-type eye
GO:0007601 visual perception
GO:0034614 cellular response to reactive oxygen species
GO:0070306 lens fiber cell differentiation
Cellular Component
GO:0005634 nucleus
GO:0005737 cytoplasm
Orthologs
Species
Mus musculus
Bos taurus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Not yet available
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Cross-References
SwissProt P07320
TrEMBL
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene 1421
UniGene Hs.546247
RefSeq NM_006891
HUGO HGNC:2411
OMIM 123690
CCDS CCDS2378
HPRD
IMGT
EMBL AC093698 BC117338 BC117340 K03005 K03006 U66583
GenPept AAA52112 AAB38686 AAI17339 AAI17341 AAY24041
RNA Seq Atlas 1421