Bos taurus Gene: IL21

Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-630309.2
Last Modified 2013-04-25   [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol IL21
Gene Name Interleukin-21
Synonyms
Species Bos taurus
Ensembl Gene ENSBTAG00000012368
Encoded Proteins
IDBP-681766 Interleukin-21
InnateDB Annotation from Orthologs
Summary
PMID 20817119 [Homo sapiens] IL21 is a cytokine that has broad effects on both innate and adaptive immune responses.
PMID 23453633 [Mus musculus] IL21 induces apoptosis of conventional dendritic cells.
Entrez Gene
Summary This gene does not have any Entrez summary - the following is the summary from its human ortholog ENSG00000138684:
This gene encodes a member of the common-gamma chain family of cytokines with immunoregulatory activity. The encoded protein plays a role in both the innate and adaptive immune responses by inducing the differentiation, proliferation and activity of multiple target cells including macrophages, natural killer cells, B cells and cytotoxic T cells. Dysregulation of this gene plays a role in multiple immune-mediated diseases including lupus, psoriasis and chronic inflammatory diseases. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 17: 35462669-35469800
Strand Forward strand
Band 0
Transcripts
ENSBTAT00000016413  ENSBTAP00000016413
Interactions
Number of Interactions   This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 0 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
They are also associated with 9 interaction(s) predicted by orthology.
 
Predicted by orthology
Total [view]
Gene Ontology
Accession GO Term
Molecular Function
GO:0005125 cytokine activity
GO:0005126 cytokine receptor binding
GO:0005134 interleukin-2 receptor binding
Biological Process
GO:0002729 positive regulation of natural killer cell cytokine production
GO:0006955 immune response
GO:0032733 positive regulation of interleukin-10 production
GO:0032740 positive regulation of interleukin-17 production
GO:0032825 positive regulation of natural killer cell differentiation
GO:0042102 positive regulation of T cell proliferation
GO:0045078 positive regulation of interferon-gamma biosynthetic process
GO:0045954 positive regulation of natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity
GO:0048469 cell maturation
Cellular Component
GO:0005576 extracellular region
GO:0005615 extracellular space
Orthologs
Species
Homo sapiens
Mus musculus
Gene ID Gene Order Method Confidence Comments
ENSG00000138684 Ortholuge SSD Ortholog Ortholog supports species divergence
ENSMUSG00000027718 Ortholuge SSD Ortholog Ortholog supports species divergence
Pathways
NETPATH
REACTOME
KEGG
INOH
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Pathway Predictions based on Human Orthology Data
NETPATH
REACTOME
KEGG
hsa04060  Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction
hsa04630  Jak-STAT signaling pathway
INOH
PID BIOCARTA
PID NCI
Cross-References
SwissProt Q76LU5 
TrEMBL F1MZV7
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene 378475 
UniGene Bt.23583
RefSeq NM_198832 
HUGO
OMIM
CCDS
HPRD
IMGT
EMBL AB073021 DAAA02044764
GenPept BAC87747 
ImmGen IL21 (murine) 
RNA Seq Atlas 378475