Bos taurus Gene: IL12B
Summary
InnateDB Gene IDBG-646420.3
Last Modified 2014-10-13 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol IL12B
Gene Name Interleukin-12 subunit beta
Synonyms IL12p40;
Species Bos taurus
Ensembl Gene ENSBTAG00000004741
Encoded Proteins
Interleukin-12 subunit beta
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
InnateDB Annotation from Orthologs
Summary
[Homo sapiens] IL12B production in response to Toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation is regulated by the tyrosine phosphatase activity of PTPN6 and this is a novel mechanism for host regulation of IL12, a cytokine important in both innate and adaptive immunity.
[Homo sapiens] IL12, consisting of IL12A and IL12B subunits, initiates local antitumor immunity by stimulating lymphoid tissue-inducer (LTi) cells bearing the natural cytotoxicity receptor NCR1 (NKp46).
[Homo sapiens] IL12, consisting of IL12A and IL12B subunits, induces IL2RA to form high-affinity IL2 receptors on natural killer cells in response to mouse cytomegalovirus infection. (Demonstrated in mouse)
[Homo sapiens] Macrophages cultured with bile acids produce lower levels of IL12 and display an anti-inflammatory phenotype characterized by an increased ratio of IL10 to IL12
[Homo sapiens] IFN gamma creates a primed chromatin environment in macrophages to augment TLR-induced IL12B transcription
[Mus musculus] Il12, consisting of Il12a and Il12b subunits, induces Il2ra to form high-affinity Il2 receptors on natural killer cells in response to mouse cytomegalovirus infection.
[Mus musculus] Nod1 and Nod2 synergize with Tlr4 in dendritic cells to increase IL12 production and enhance invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cell activation, and are important regulators of the IFN gamma response by iNKT cells during S. typhimurium and L. monocytogenes infections.
Entrez Gene
Summary This gene does not have any Entrez summary - the following is the summary from its human ortholog ENSG00000113302:
This gene encodes a subunit of interleukin 12, a cytokine that acts on T and natural killer cells, and has a broad array of biological activities. Interleukin 12 is a disulfide-linked heterodimer composed of the 40 kD cytokine receptor like subunit encoded by this gene, and a 35 kD subunit encoded by IL12A. This cytokine is expressed by activated macrophages that serve as an essential inducer of Th1 cells development. This cytokine has been found to be important for sustaining a sufficient number of memory/effector Th1 cells to mediate long-term protection to an intracellular pathogen. Overexpression of this gene was observed in the central nervous system of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), suggesting a role of this cytokine in the pathogenesis of the disease. The promoter polymorphism of this gene has been reported to be associated with the severity of atopic and non-atopic asthma in children. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 7:73006707-73017100
Strand Reverse strand
Band
Transcripts
ENSBTAT00000006222 ENSBTAP00000006222
Interactions
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 0 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
They are also associated with 27 interaction(s) predicted by orthology.
Predicted by orthology
Total 27 [view]
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0004896 cytokine receptor activity
GO:0005125 cytokine activity
GO:0005126 cytokine receptor binding
GO:0005143 interleukin-12 receptor binding
GO:0005515 protein binding
GO:0008083 growth factor activity
GO:0042164 interleukin-12 alpha subunit binding
GO:0042802 identical protein binding
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity
GO:0045519 interleukin-23 receptor binding
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity
Biological Process
GO:0001916 positive regulation of T cell mediated cytotoxicity
GO:0002230 positive regulation of defense response to virus by host
GO:0002827 positive regulation of T-helper 1 type immune response
GO:0002860 positive regulation of natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity directed against tumor cell target
GO:0002862 negative regulation of inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus
GO:0007050 cell cycle arrest
GO:0007166 cell surface receptor signaling pathway
GO:0010224 response to UV-B
GO:0010535 positive regulation of activation of JAK2 kinase activity
GO:0016477 cell migration
GO:0019221 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway
GO:0030101 natural killer cell activation
GO:0032693 negative regulation of interleukin-10 production
GO:0032700 negative regulation of interleukin-17 production
GO:0032725 positive regulation of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor production
GO:0032729 positive regulation of interferon-gamma production
GO:0032733 positive regulation of interleukin-10 production
GO:0032735 positive regulation of interleukin-12 production
GO:0032740 positive regulation of interleukin-17 production
GO:0032760 positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production
GO:0032816 positive regulation of natural killer cell activation
GO:0032819 positive regulation of natural killer cell proliferation
GO:0032946 positive regulation of mononuclear cell proliferation
GO:0034393 positive regulation of smooth muscle cell apoptotic process
GO:0042093 T-helper cell differentiation
GO:0042095 interferon-gamma biosynthetic process
GO:0042102 positive regulation of T cell proliferation
GO:0042104 positive regulation of activated T cell proliferation
GO:0042510 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein
GO:0042517 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein
GO:0042520 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein
GO:0042523 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein
GO:0042832 defense response to protozoan
GO:0044130 negative regulation of growth of symbiont in host
GO:0045672 positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation
GO:0045785 positive regulation of cell adhesion
GO:0048662 negative regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation
GO:0050671 positive regulation of lymphocyte proliferation
GO:0050829 defense response to Gram-negative bacterium
GO:0051135 positive regulation of NK T cell activation
GO:0051142 positive regulation of NK T cell proliferation
GO:0051607 defense response to virus
GO:0071222 cellular response to lipopolysaccharide
GO:0071346 cellular response to interferon-gamma
Cellular Component
GO:0005576 extracellular region
GO:0005615 extracellular space
GO:0005737 cytoplasm
GO:0016020 membrane
GO:0043514 interleukin-12 complex
GO:0070743 interleukin-23 complex
Orthologs
Species
Homo sapiens
Mus musculus
Gene ID
Gene Order
Method
Confidence
Comments
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
SSD Ortholog
Ortholog supports species divergence
Pathway Predictions based on Human Orthology Data
NETPATH
REACTOME
KEGG
Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
Jak-STAT signaling pathway pathway
Type I diabetes mellitus pathway
Leishmaniasis pathway
Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) pathway
African trypanosomiasis pathway
Toxoplasmosis pathway
Amoebiasis pathway
Allograft rejection pathway
Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
Jak-STAT signaling pathway pathway
Type I diabetes mellitus pathway
Leishmaniasis pathway
Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) pathway
African trypanosomiasis pathway
Toxoplasmosis pathway
Amoebiasis pathway
Allograft rejection pathway
INOH
GPCR signaling pathway
IL-23 signaling pathway
JAK STAT pathway and regulation pathway
IL-12 signaling pathway
GPCR signaling pathway
IL-23 signaling pathway
JAK STAT pathway and regulation pathway
IL-12 signaling pathway
PID BIOCARTA
No2-dependent il-12 pathway in nk cells [Biocarta view]
Il12 and stat4 dependent signaling pathway in th1 development [Biocarta view]
PID NCI
IL27-mediated signaling events
IL12-mediated signaling events
IL23-mediated signaling events
Cross-References
SwissProt P46282
TrEMBL
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene 281857
UniGene Bt.523
RefSeq NM_174356 XM_005209679
HUGO
OMIM
CCDS
HPRD
IMGT
EMBL EU276076 U11815
GenPept AAA85792 ABX72074
RNA Seq Atlas 281857